Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995 changed the powers and functions of the Bord Gáis Eireann (, the Electricity Supply Board and Bord na Móna. It changed the provisions in relation to
- the operation of gas pipelines and electricity cables
- offshore investigation of energy
- investigation of assets
- licensing and lease undertakings
By order made under the Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1995 the assets of certain existing gas companies were vested in Bord Gáis Eireann.
Gas (Amendment) Act 1998 removed the obligation under the Gas Act 1976 by which all natural gas coming onshore in Ireland or within the State is be offered for sale to BGE on reasonable terms. It also removes the requirement for consent of the Minister to the export of gas by BGE.
The Gas (Interim) (Regulation) Act 2002 established the Commission for Energy Regulation (now the Commission for Regulation of Utilities) incorporating the Commission for Electricity Regulation The Act provided for regulation of the domestic gas market. The regulatory functions of the Minister for Communications Marina natural resources were transmitted to the newly constituted an expanded commission.
The regulatory mechanism was similar to that in respect of electricity under the Electricity Regulation Act 1999. The monopoly position of BGE was modified progressively in the same way as that applicable to ESB.
The Gas (Interim) (Regulation) Act 2002 (Criteria for Determination of Applications for Natural Gas Licences) Regulations 2002 (S.I. No. 265 of 2002) provides for the criteria in granting consent for licensing
Under the Planning and Development (Strategic Infrastructure) Act 2006,no additional permission is required for electricity transmission lines strategic gas infrastructure (in particular gas pipelines for the Corrib gas field) and state developments which require an environmental impact assessment. Modifications of permission are required to the strategic infrastructure division
The Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2006 expanded the functions of the Commission for Energy Regulations (now the Commission for Regulation of Utilities). The provisions were commenced by The Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2006 (Commencement of Certain Provisions) Order 2008
The 2006 Act granted enhanced borrowing powers to Bord Gáis Éireann . The Gas (Amendment) Act 2009 increased the borrowing capacity of BGE to €3 billion to allow it to fund its development programme and plan.
The 2006 Act regulates gas installers. The Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2006 (Commencement of certain Provisions) Order 2008 commenced the provisions . CER (CRU) may appoint a designated body as the safely body with which installers and contractors must register.
They may prescribe standards of training and work in accordance with criteria in the legislation. There is provision to ensure ongoing responsibility for maintenance of natural gas fittings. The CER (CRU) may specify classes of works which certificates of completion are required to specify the requirements in that regard.
European Union (Wholesale Energy Market Integrity and Transparency) Regulations 2014 designate a CER (CRU) as the Irish regulatory body. They also provide for criminal offences for breach of the Regulation.
They confer authorised officers with powers to summon persons carry out inspections requires data and require cessation of practices contrary to the regulation. They may apply to court for freezing or segregation of assets and imposition of prohibitions by way of enforcement. The regulations provide domestic penalties for breach.
The Electricity Regulation Act 1999 (Gas Works) Regulations 2009 designated certain classes of works covering installation removal repair servicing maintenance of certain natural gas fittings and equipment. Breach of the requirements is an offence which may be prosecuted by CER
Legislation provides for the full opening of the natural gas market in accordance with Directive 2003/55/EC. All customers are eligible customers who are free to change natural gas supplier. A third-party authorised supplier may be granted access to gas pipelines and facilities for this purpose.
The European Communities (Internal Market in Natural Gas) (BGE) (Amendment) Regulations 2008 facilitated the transfer of part of the undertaking of Bord Gáis Eireann to Gaslink.
The Energy (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 2012 transferred the remaining responsibility for LPG safety to the CER (CRU. It confirms that it is an offence for a person to carry out LPG works unless he is a registered installer with CER (CRU).
The 2012 Act provides that the CER (CRU) regulates LPG undertakings that make LPG available to domestic customers through distribution networks. These are in areas not covered by natural gas. There is a licensing regime administered by CER (CRU). CER (CRU) is also responsible for promoting LPG safely.
Where a natural gas or LPG undertaking is not in compliance with the CER (CRU) safety requirements CER (CRU) may serve an improvement notice and prohibition notice. If there is a danger to life or the safety of infrastructure an application may be made to the High Court prohibiting the activities of the LPG or gas undertaking until the specified measures are undertaken to remove the risk.
CER (CRU) may make regulations for reporting and investigation LPG incidents involving death or injury or damage to property resulting from abuse and misuse leakage combustion explosion of LPG. CER (CRU)may apply an annual levy expenses on holders of LPG safely licences.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Safety (Liquefied Petroleum Gas Incident) Regulations 2014 made by the CER (CRU) relate to reporting and investigation of incidents with LPG. They define classes of incidents and reporting obligations arising.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Safety (Liquefied Petroleum Gas Incident Reporting and Investigation) Regulations 2014 require reporting of incidents by LPG undertakings affecting domestic or commercial final users which must be reported by LPG undertakings. This includes entities which purchase or import LPG or make it available to individual domestic or commercial users by way of cylinder full tank or distribution via pipes network
The Gas Regulation Act 2013 made provision for the possible sale of BGE. This was the on the basis of retaining the strategic elements of the gas network in state ownership. The legislation followed from the EU IMF ECB agreement for financial support and was designed to reduce the state’s overall indebtedness.
The legislation provides for the creation of a subsidiary of BGE to be a network company. In accordance with EU requirements Directive 2009/73,the network assets are to be ring fenced. The subsidiary is to be a private company, but certain aspects of its constitution are provided for by the legislation. There was to be a transfer plan by which assets liabilities and staff will be transferred from BGE to this network entity.
The legislation provides for the sale of BGE.BGE was purchased by Centrica plc in 2014.
ESB (Electronic Communications Network) Act 2014 change the name of Bord Gáis Eireann to Ervia after sale of the company.
Pursuant to the EU directives Directive 2009/73,the Minister because of their shareholding in other entities which undertake power generation and electricity could not retain control over the network business. Accordingly the 2013 Act amended the powers of the Ministers in that regard. BGE was restricted from undertaking an activity relating to energy supply and generation in breach of the EU unbundling requirements.
BGE was designated in 2013 as responsible for the provision of water and wastewater services in Ireland and Irish water was established as a subsidiary. BGE was renamed Ervia,
Bord Gais energy was sold as set out above. Bord Gais networks was rebranded as Gas Networks Ireland.
In 2015 Gas Networks Ireland became a subsidiary of Ervia.
Gas AcT 1976 (Appointment of majority-shareholding Minister) Order 2015 appointed the Minister for Environment, Community and Local Government as the majority shareholder in Ervia
CER (CRU) may designate a licence to be the supplier of last resort to supply gas to customers of another supplier in circumstances specified.
The Commission for the Regulation of Utilities (Appointed Day) Order 2017 change the name of the , the Commission for Energy Regulation . It became the Commission for the Regulation of Utilities (CRU)
The so-called Brexit Omnibus Act granted the CRU additional powers in the context of the United Kingdom leaving the European Union. It may modify licences as necessary to ensure compliance with EU rules in respect of cross-border trade and electricity.
It provided for the regulation by the Commission of electrical contractors and gas installers in relation to safely. It allowed for appointment of designated bodies for electrical and gas contractors to undertake regulation. The designated bodies are to undertake supervisory functions in accordance with criteria in the legislation. They charge fees which must be approved by CER (CRU. Members of the bodies are designated as registered electrical or gas contractors.
There is provision for an appeal against refusal suspension or revocation of registration.